Centrum kognitívnych štúdií a Katedra filozofie FF TU s potešením oznamujú študentom a širšej kognitívno-vednej verejnosti, že v rámci tohtosemestrového One week with budeme mať onedlho príležitosť privítať medzi nami Prof. Davida Iana Perretta zo škótskej univerzity v St. Andrews. Prof. Perrett je Wardlaw profesorom psychológie a neurovied na St. Andrews University a riaditeľom tamojšieho The Perception Lab. Na našej katedre prednesie sériu prednášok, ktoré budú zároveň tvoriť výberový predmet In Your Face (6 kr) a jeho pobyt sa uskutoční v rámci riešenia nášho APVV projektu: Kognitívne prehodnotenie krásy: Zjednotenie filozofie a kognitívnych štúdií estetického vnímania.
24. 10. 2016 (Monday) 10:20-12:00 room 3P1 : Face Perception and Human Attraction Beauty from a biological perspective I : Sexual selection for disease immunity and paternal support (36).
A central assumption of evolutionary theory is that females are attracted to males who display signs of health and immunity to disease. Testosterone is thought to handicap the immune system and benefit attractiveness through thishandicap because only males with a superb immune system can afford to display the effects of testosterone on body growth. Well that’s the theory but is there any evidence.Perrett, D.I. (2009) In Your Face, Palgrave Macmillan, Chapter 6 THE POINT OF BEAUTY; Chapter 5 HIS AND HERS (initial pages)
25. 10. 2016 (Tuesday) 9:30 - 11.10 room 3P1 : Face Perception and Human Attraction Beauty from a biological perspective II - Sex hormonal influences on face preferences: changes within individuals (37).
There are marked sex differences in attraction to faces; furthermore there are marked changes in preferences within the same individual. This topic explores the correlations between levels of sex hormones (testosterone, progesterone and oestrogen) with attraction to signs of health and masculinity/femininity in adult faces and cuteness in infant faces.Chapter 5 HIS AND HERS
25. 10. 2016 (Tuesday) 15:00 - 16:20 room 1A1 : Universal and individual aesthetics I. Universal, individual and cultural differences in face preferences (31).
There are characteristics that are appear universally attractive; yet fortunately, we do not all fancy the same people. This topic explores the role of the environment, culture and the basis of differences in opinion about the attractiveness of particular facial characteristics.Chapter 4 BEAUTY IN BALANCE
26. 10. 2016 (Wednesday) 9:30 -11:10 room 1A1 : Universal and individual aesthetics II. Intra-sexual competition and preferences (17).
Most research on human attraction investigates female choice of male characteristics - inter-sexual selection. Competition between individuals of the same sex (intra-sexual selection) is equally important in evolution and aesthetics. Indeed, competition has a wide influences on everyday life (e.g. shopping) and romance.
27.10. 2016 9:30 -11.10 room 3P1: Health and beauty I. Face cues to current health (31)
While a sex typical appearance and symmetry have been considered signs) of health for decades, other facial characteristics may provide more reliable cues to current health? For example skin colour may provide a cue to sickness and multiple aspects of a healthy lifestyle. Chapter 7 FIT FACE
27.10.2016 (Thursday) 13:00 -15.00 room 3P1: Developmental influences on attraction I. Early life, stress and sexual maturation (18)
Infants demonstrate reactions to faces from very early in life so some aspects of face perception appear innate. Yet early experience also shapes preferences. Indeed, the faces that infants see in the family and even in story books have a profound effect on their perceptual interests. The absence of a father in the first 5 years can mean girls develop faster and reach puberty 6 months earlier. Family relations and speed of development have equally powerful effects on appearance and on partner preferences. Chapter 3. A BABY’S BIAS Chapter 10. ALL IN THE FAMILY
28.10.2016 (Friday) 9:30 -11.10 room 3P1: Developmental influences on attraction II. Learning from family and from peers (9)
Family characteristics defined through odour or facial resemblance may be attractive or unattractive in potential partners. Family characteristics are also important in parental attraction to offspring. Paternity for humans may be uncertain. Given this uncertainty what influences a father to invest in children that may or may not be his biological offspring? While it is clear we learn from our family, it is also becoming evident that we learn from peers and what they think is attractive.Chapter 10. ALL IN THE FAMILY.
Advanced Reading and Materials